Protection from Death: Spirituality plays an important role in African culture, and many Africans believe in the presence of spirits around them, both good and evil. The Dogon are justifiably famous for their doors and this selection shows some of their range in style. Drinking the milk of a cow and eating its flesh is seen as a communion with the Creator, a highly spiritual act. Amon is Neb r Djer — the master of the universe. The Kanaga masqueraders, at one point, dance and sit next to the bundkamba, which represents the deceased.
They are historical in that they present a creation myth and ideological since they represent a specific cosmology. The oba performs one of the most important rituals of his kingship—the Igue Erha Oba rite—at the memorial shrines. Themes found throughout Dogon sculpture consist of figures with raised arms, superimposed bearded figures, horsemen, stools with , women with children, figures covering their faces, women grinding , women bearing on their heads, bearing cups, musicians, dogs, quadruped-shaped troughs or benches, figures bending from the waist, mirror-images, aproned figures, and standing figures Laude, 46—52. The danyim then takes place a couple of months later. They are bigger when the altar is for an entire village. Ga'anda terracotta pot These anthropomorphic Clay Pots have been used by the Village Population of Gaanda Tribe, settling in the remote areas of Gongola and Benue River. The scarring takes place during rituals to celebrate the onset of puberty, the first menstrual cycle and childbirth.
Dogon Female Figure Most Dogon figures are made by blacksmiths, who work in wood as well as metal. This is necessary for the health and prosperity of the people. Surrounding them are rattle-staffs and bells, for getting the attention of the Oba's spirit. These unique equestrian figures, some cast of a bronze allow and some forged of iron, express status, prestige and power. After his election, he has to follow a six-month period, during which he is not allowed to shave or wash.
This was to prevent a being like the Jackal from ever being born on Earth again. The first Dogon primordial ancestors, called Nommo, were bisexual water gods. Much like the Komo Kun of the Bamana, the Kponyungo appears to get its power through accumulation of items such as the many horns. I learned some things about art which I had not known but I would think that something like this would change over time. Akan couple The Akan spirituality is then based on tributes paid to the Ancestors. These unique figures depart from the usual Dogon rigid totemic forms. If authors attributed the origin of the appearance of Ngai Nanyoke to the British settlers who have seriously affected the lives of the Maasai, one may wonder if this aspect of Ngai has not an ancient origin.
Their incorporation into the events and arts surrounding funerals places emphasis on the idea of continuity-the link between origin and death. Conversations With Ogotemmêli: an Introduction To Dogon Religious Ideas. The newly circumcised men must walk around naked for a month after the procedure so that their achievement in age can be admired by the tribe. The head and the navel stick out of the rest of the body, as it is seen in most of African statuary. The female figure communicates the desire for fertility.
The enlarged Dogon families have common rituals, during which they evoke all their back to their —the ancient pair of twins from the creation of the world. While some art was created to secure food, some to protect food and some to show thanks for an abundant food supply, other art was created to ensure production, protect conceived children and give thanks to the gods for the gift of human reproduction. They also raise sheep, goats, and chickens. During the danyim, masqueraders perform dances every morning and evening for anytime up to six days depending on how that village performs this ritual. The Dogon continue an ancient masquerading tradition, which commemorates the origin of death.
The performance of masqueraders sometimes as many as 400 at these ceremonies is considered absolutely necessary. A totem animal is worshiped on a Binou altar. The orbit cycle takes 50 years. Now, if we look at the stool on which they're sitting, we see four female figures that support the stool itself. The seated female figures, their hands on their abdomen, are linked to the fertility cult, incarnating the first ancestor who died in childbirth, and are the object of offerings of food and sacrifices by women who are expecting a child. Its main aim is to create a demoniacal image.
The dancers appeared holding two sticks in their hands, their leaps imitating the jumps of the antelopes. It is therefore of their spirituality, and the relations of it with other African spiritualties, that we will discuss in this article. They are covered with layers of mud and clay, and their surfaces accumulate sacrificial materials over time, including chicken and goat blood, chewed kola nuts, alcohol, and millet porridge. D ama memorial ceremonies are held to accompany the dead into the ancestral realm and restore order to the universe. The womans hands rests on her thighs. The roof of a toguna is made by 8 layers of millet stalks.
The baKongo people call this energy Ngolo. New York: The Viking Press. For the Bamileke of Cameroon, God is the energy power that stirs all the natural elements. The simple, abstract ones that we have are very old and wonderfully eroded by time, use and exposure. Otherwise I believe that it would be a very useful Hub for learning.
The secret Society of Sigui plays a central role in the ceremony. The Yana Gulay mask's purpose is to impersonate a Fulani woman, and is made from cotton cloth and cowell shells. Rites of circumcision thus allow each sex to assume its proper physical identity. The art includes small charm-like figurines, sexually explicit sculptures, phallic symbols, fetishes, erotic prints, and photographs. The mans right arm is around the womans neck and his hand touches her breast. Men would usually have three, while women and foreigners would wear four.