The provincial structure was similar to the one in the center. The constitution was approved by the Assembly on 10 th April 1973 and assented to by the President on 12 thApril 1973. He was to be a Muslim of at least forty years ago. After nine years of efforts, Pakistan was successful in framing a constitution. All the bills passed by Parliament must be assented to by him. Independent Judiciary The constitution provided for an independent judiciary in the country.
The main purpose of this constitution was to declare Pakistan as an Islamic republic. Fundamental Rights The 1973 Constitution ensures the following fundamental rights to the citizens of Pakistan. According to rule of law no person can be deprived of his fundamental rights. The cycle ofmanagement continues to operate so long as there is organizedaction for the achievement of group goals. System of weightage for minorities was as bad as that of separate electorates.
It is an art because it involves the application of knowledge andskills for the solution of managerial problems Management is ascience as it contains systematized body of knowledge consisting ofgenerally applicable principles. Causes Of Failure Of The Constitution: The Constitution of 1956 was abrogated in 1958. Constitution of Pakistan 1973 Urdu Version www. Pakistan was founded in 1947. President was the head of federation. With Regards to civil rights, familiar right such as the rights of life, livery and property were granted.
Four years later a new document, was adopted. Consequently, the parliamentary system did not strike roots in country. The parochial and other prejudices shall be discouraged. In 1950, Prime Minister authored the first that would pave a path to the drafting of the Constitution. One of the main features of the Constitution was its Islamic character. The movement turned into armed backed by the.
Opponents of the One Unit created hatred against the Constitution. He was empowered to nominate the ministers of his cabinet. According to this principle the rights and duties of the citizens are determined by the Federal Constitution only. The selfish politicians did not miss any opportunity to damage the image of democracy. Language: According to this constitution, two languages were declared as national : Urdu and Bangoli whereas English was maintained as official language. There are two legislative lists - the Federal List and the Concurrent List. Thus, human factor is themost important element in management.
Lahore, Punjab: University of Punjab Press. In 1973, however, it was then enlarged to 114. He could choose his from the members of the National Assembly; the cabinet was answerable to the Assembly. The tenure of his office was five years. Some salient features of the constitution are as under: 1. The constitution of Pakistan is based on principle of tracheotomy of power.
The cabinet was accountable to the state assemblies. The constitution provided for of government with a. Governor was to be given charge but according to the directions of the centre. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. It was promulgated on 8 June 1962. Management is an integrated process as itselements are intertwined.
Thereupon the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan became the interim National Assembly and Governor General Iskander Mirza was sworn in as the first President of Pakistan. We can pinpoint some of them as following: i Absence Of Islamic Provisions: No provisions were made to make Islam as a state religion. Principle of parity was observed for representation. The , freedoms of , , , , , , and , and were introduced in the new Constitution. It is a series ofcontinuing-actions that constitute the process of managing. For the first ten years, five additional seats were reserved for women for each wing.
The causes of its failure were as under: a The multi-party system was one of the main causes of its failure. Discuss the salient feature and drawbacks of the Constitution of 1956 Constitution of 1956 The Constitution of 1956 was a lengthy document. It consisted of 234 Articles, 3 Parts and 6 Schedules. He is chosen for a period 5 years by members of Parliament and all the provincial assemblies. The principles and provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution have been made substantive part of the constitution.
Prime minister is the head of the Parliamentary system. He was to be a Muslim of at least forty years ago. The President gave his assent on 12th April 1973. Demoralized, gaining notoriety in the country, and finding himself unable to control the situation, President ultimately handed over the to , of which, was sworn in on 20 December 1971 as President and as the first civilian. The managerial job is basically the same at alllevels of organization and in all types of institutions. Negotiations on framing the work on constitution were held between January and March 1971 between leaders of , , and the of , which turned out to be a failure. They are becoming competitive and some of them are going global.