. Arnold observes that Dryden and Pope were better prose writers than poets. Even a single reading of this poem is enough to convince readers that Arnold does not believe in afterlife, or rebirth. Come to the window, sweet is the night-air! But now I only hear Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar, Retreating, to the breath Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear And naked shingles of the world. Therefore to thee it was givenMany to save with thyself;And, at the end of thy day,O faithful shepherd! » » » » Best Poems Best Famous Matthew Arnold Poems Here is a collection of the all-time best famous Matthew Arnold poems. In the second stanza the speaker is reminded of the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles who also heard the sounds of the Aegean Sea and then wrote tragedies on human misery.
Fifth Stanza It is to spend long days And not once feel that we were ever young; There is not the fond reminiscing on life, but the feeling that old age is all that one ever experienced. It is this latter tumult that frightens the speaker, that has him beg his lover to stay true to him. He was the founder of the sociological school of criticism, and through his touchstone method introduced scientific objectivity to critical evaluation by providing comparison and analysis as the two primary tools of criticism. The poetry of southern France influenced Italian literature. Arnold held that literature was of paramount importance for. Now though, this time as passed.
But now I only hear Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar, Retreating, to the breath Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear And naked shingles of the world. Yes, yes, we know that we can jest,We know, we know that we can smile! In this stanza, Arnold seems to rationalize why they cannot express their emotions in front of each other. It is important at this point to return to the initial question of the poem, What is it to grow old? Arnold believes that the art of poetry is capable of high destinies. The study of the historical background of poetry and its development often leads to the critic skipping over the shortcomings because of its historical significance. And we are here as on a darkling plain Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight, Where ignorant armies clash by night.
Nor fetch, to take the accustomed tollOf the poor sinner bound for death,His brother doctor of the soul,To canvass with official breathThe future and its viewless things—That undiscovered mysteryWhich one who feels death's winnowing wingsMust need read clearer, sure, than he! Thus feeling, gazing, let me growComposed, refreshed, ennobled, clear;Then willing let my spirit goTo work or wait elsewhere or here! Matthew Arnold died in 1888 in Liverpool. The first line references the last stanza, just as happens at the end of the first stanza, the statements are confirmed, but the speaker makes sure to note that these are still not the only things that aging is about. The fieldStrewn with its dank yellow driftsOf wither'd leaves, and the elms,Fade into dimness apace,Silent;--hardly a shoutFrom a few boys late at their play! He says that the chain that keeps the heart and the mouth separated has its roots deeper down than one can imagine. The sea is said to be calm, there is beach on the water at full tide. Rhyming always brings with it a clear relationship between pattern and harmony, between voice and ear. Its message - like that of many of his other poems - is that the world's mystery has declined in the face of modernity.
We, we only are left! Here he points out that in ancient times Sophocles heard the same sound of the pebbles on the shore, and it reminded him of the ebb and flow of human misery. To this point line 14 , the poem has been essentially straightforward description. But now, it brings the eternal note of sadness — the monotonous rhythm of the waves makes the speaker depressed. Known as a well respected master of his craft, Shakespeare wrote many fine lyrics which can now be found in his plays, poems, and sonnets. Thus if a poet wants to reach the high standards of the classics he might consciously or unconsciously imitate them. Since man could not actually look upon life after death, Arnold denies any possibility of it occurring. Arnold believes that the central thought of the poem matters more than any other concept in the poem so much so that it becomes the central fact of the poem.
Next Arnold mentions Milton and Shakespeare and credits them as classics and moves on to speak about Dryden and Pope. Arnold's evaluations of the Romantic poets such as Wordsworth, Byron, Shelley, and Keats are landmarks in descriptive criticism, and as a poet-critic he occupies an eminent position in the rich galaxy of poet-critics of English literature. This will enable one to rate poetry with its proper value. The speaker and his beloved are looking outside their window at the French coast across the sea. And naked shingles of the world. Next, Arnold compares the true current of our thoughts with a river that keeps flowing, but does not know which way to go.
This stanza is asking whether it is this feeling of ones strength leaving the body what aging is about. However, Arnold mentions that the true force of this method lies in its application. We offer our recommendations below. The despondent and monotonous sound of the waves reminds him of the despair with which Sophocles observed the misery and suffering of human beings in life as he heard the melancholic sound of the waves of the Aegean Sea. These particular exponents of poetry were able to enhance the experience of reading poetry through their matter and style.
He warns, however, that the world's beauty is only an illusion, since it is in fact a battlefield full of people fighting in absolute darkness. It's an open ended poem that has irregular rhyme and rhythm and follows no classical template. Science, religion, and philosophy all rely on poetry and would be nothing without it. Dante, however, is an example of both. It only leaves behind the chill night wind whistling breath over the desolate beach with dull drear edges of the cliffs and raw naked pebbles shingles. This method was first suggested in England by Addison who said that he would have a man read classical works which have stood the test of time and place and also those modern works which find high praise among contemporaries. I feel a nameless sadness o'er me roll.